“The main hope of a nation lies in the proper education of it’s citizens”-Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus

Esteemed Africans and non-African friends of Africa,


Thanks for your interest to web visit our public domain at, Africacomplete.org which’s an affiliate website of “Alphabetic African Timeline” 

I am very grateful to all of you and your outpouring support once again. I thankfully acknowledge once again the technical support and material assistance by large number of agencies, distinguished personalities, professionals and individuals in the preparation of this useful hyper text.

According to historians, “when you study history study the historian, when you study the historian study the time in which that history is written”. In this work we have reflected on Afro Socio-culture traditions, and the values of the Africans in urban areas as well as the countryside, followed with reliable information dealing with the continent’s Socio-historic, Socio-economic, and the Geo-political features in alphabetic A – Z (Algeria to Zimbabwe) order.

Since I started gathering resources for such a public diary in mid November 1993, it was with the purpose of publishing or compiling it in an ordinary handbook form, but I have gone now beyond that, and think it’s quite nice to web link it for the international audience. As mentioned, “Alphabetic African Timeline”, is a jump-start volume supported by a large number of resident-African diplomats i.e. heads of diplomatic missions, press attaches, political councilors etc.., most of whom were invaluably contributed to its contents, providing written handouts as well as orientation on the said topic. Readers of “Alphabetic Africa In reasonable Depth – Take An Overview On The African Continent” may raise concerns perhaps why one country’s text is lengthy or too wordy while others are shorter. It’s not an easy task for an individual to collect the right information from the right source or the right person concerned getting them with better knowledge of their respective countries or governments. For this reason, we have put all information as received from our sources which some are politically sensitive contents, and some insensitive ones, some shorter, others longer, some indicated with date/month/ year, and some diaries indicated by only year. Of course, one must not forget that figures in this web version can be updated with the changing situations of Africa too. I therefore kindly request esteemed readers to look situations into that context.

Secondly, one might accuse the Compiler/Editor of this website favoring, his home country, which perhaps needs a polite response, but truth be told here, one must not forget that, the general importance of Ethiopia, my beloved home country in the African continent. As well known, Ethiopia is one of the 10 oldest nations in the world that has never been colonized by any imperial power except a brief period of occupation: the only African nation with its own Ge’ez Alphabets and numeric: the country that practiced Christianity before the Europeans and accepted Islam before the Middle East: the first country that started with the tree-color flag that everyone rocks without even knowing what does it means (Green, Yellow, Red) and the origin of Ras-Taffarianism: one of the few countries in the world that is mentioned both in The Holy Quoran & The Bible.. over 50 times: a source country of The Blue Nile that’s feeding by over 90 local tributaries, contributes 86% of the water flow to the Great Nile River, the lifeline of Egyptians: the country that is the origin of the Coffee-Arabica that you missed not to drink: the first African nation state to win gold medal through its brave athletes like Abebe Bikila, Mamo Wolde, Derartu Tulu and Haile Gebreselassie et-al at the Olympics arena: the country with so much and diverse culture and spirituality that someone can’t even comprehend!

It’s true that Ethiopia pre-1950s, was the lonely and only African non-colonized state, but not remains lonely these days, we have now nearly fifty five African independent nation states. Yes, thanks to gallant freedom-loving Africans, and non-African friends, now times and circumstances have certainly changed. And now everything was falling right into place, as it has been taken me over 28 years on the making, it’s often a venture with a single person intended to cover the entire African continent of about 55 countries issued here to commemorate the independence of African nation states, from the centenary of the founding of the west African state of Liberia, the oldest republic in Africa in backdates 1947 to the founding of the recent Republic of South Sudan in July, 2011 are integrated into an elaborately designed display system that invites sustained attention to such often overlooked media.

I therefore request esteemed audience to look situations into that context. Even if events are quite-frequently changeable, these are considered of extreme importance as collectively they make up Africa’s heritage. “Alphabetic African Timeline” documents this heritage in a more sustainable, clear and understandable way, giving a concrete information on what every responsible and patriotic African should know or interested non-African friends of Africa supposed to know. African countries and civic institutions need to have a set of strategies to help rise Africa.

As Digital Editor of “Alphabetic African Timeline”, I am extremely excited about the direction in which we have embarked onto such strategy version, which continues to be well represented by the press, the academia, legislators (lawmakers) and others in the judiciary. Since the launch of “ALPHABETIC AFRICAN TIMELINE”, there has been a great deal of encouraging news to reflect on. I remain gratified by the diversity of contributions from individuals, professionals, the academia and civic societies, within Ethiopia, from Africa and the wider world.

In the first issue of 2014 alone, we have published articles and commentaries addressing the sub-Saharan Africa policy debates on various African nation states on socio-politics,  socio-economic and development issues. It has also been a good year in terms of a subject which persons or individuals think about and of course we look forward to working with guest editors to publish their proposed collections of commentaries, views, opinions and analysis which cover the full spectrum of Africa.

I would take this moment once again to acknowledge distinguished African personalities, resident African diplomats, professionals, individuals and colleagues at the media for their understanding and earnest co-operation during my door-to-door approach to the African government embassies based in Addis Ababa, the seat of the African Union to gather resource materials for this e-version.

I therefore kindly request esteemed African and non-African readers of this mentoring website once again to look into situations in that context. I would very much appreciate it if we are able to work together, and would be happy to provide you with some inspiration as to how this can be brought or promoted to the African and international audience. As perhaps no diaspora African previously produced such a collected hyper volume ‘Alphabetic African Timeline’, can be considered as an indigenous initiative of its kind, gained through hard work, dedication, commitment, loyalty, patriotism and philanthropy, which I think could be highly useful to future generations of Africa, especially to help portraying the image of the African continent. Direct and to the point, it was with those questions in the back of my mind that I settled it out in November 1993 to address the general public across the African continent.

I strongly commend the editorial advisory team’s significant effort in ensuring neutrality and the correctness of contents and articles described at inside pages. I am very sympathetic to all of them once again, the origins of my endeavor lay in that, such a historic diary could be a quick-reference material providing pieces on the African Socio-historic and  Socio-cultural events for higher academic institutions, embassies & head diplomatic missions, governmental, UN specialized agencies, non-governmental, civic societies, business communities, and individual household families across the continent and among people from all walks of life.

I would therefore sincerely commend web visitors this diary as a good resource and reference material for both Africans and non-Africans friends wishing to have a general knowledge on Africa. I finally have the feeling of doing something useful and educational for the African general public. The great American intellect and pastor, Dr. Robert H. Schuller in his book entitled, “Success is Never Ending [and] Failure is Never Final”, in page 48 quoted as saying,

“e-Civic Education & Entertainment is the acquisition of knowledge. As important as it is, knowledge cannot take the place of wisdom. Recognize that formal education may or may not be a solid basis for responsible self-confidence. If academic degrees have increased knowledge but have diminished wisdom, then formal education have diminished wisdom, then formal education has become counter-productive.” In this regard, more Africans and non-African friends should be able to understand how/why to use this quick reference and resource “Country Manuals on African Nation States”, which I assembled it in the last 28 years. The Africans especially in the diaspora should be able to understand and co-operate with such indigenous initiatives.

Meantime, I should like to sternly note esteemed readers that some little or idle minds are always ready to blame others and deny credit space where it’s due! The problem with closed minded people is that their mouse is always opened. Here “Country Manuals on African states” which can perhaps be considered tip of the iceberg, re-wrote on each African nation state in a reliable and understandable way. Though, at last I have to cheer up with such a local phrase “chiggre yellem,” as my countrymen usually term it in the official language “no problem”, the general public have its own choice at last.

I am now proud to be an Ethiopian producer of such collected volume estimated 18,500+ pages over the African continent. Yes, I hopefully can be part and parcel of this process in the foreseeable future, to contribute immensely to an even greater success. That would be a fantastic honor for me.

 Chief Digital Content Editor

“Respect, Excellence, Collaboration and Integrity are the values “ALPHABETIC AFRICAN TIMELINE” live by, that help us action our Purpose and Vision to promote and empower the second largest continent in the world….. It is how we work and interact with others such in the academic, e-Civics education, entertainment, and the Afro touristic and travel sectors as well.”


Letters of RECOGNITION, TESTIMONIAL, APPRAISAL, as well as POSITIVE REMARKS declared by number of African dignitaries, career African diplomats, the multi-disciplinary African and non-African professionals whose were the ones endorsed their public approval or support as an act of assessing the correctness of facts and figures mentioned at such Afro friendly web production at, http://www.africacomplete.org shown below, 

“It’s an excellent job that Mr. Moges is trying to do.” Mohammed “Mo” Amin (the late) of Camerapix/Reuters TV Africa Journal, Nairobi, Kenya, victim of the 1996 hijacked EAL jetliner Flight Nr-906 that crashed in the territorial waters of the Comoros. 


“The e-Map Africa and the Afro friendly website, Africacomplete.org projected by Mr. Mulugeta: is a highly visual and detailed venture that gives relevant information to scholars and people who are interested in general information pertaining Africa and the selected African countries. I’d therefore recommend it as a resource and reference material.”  -Ken Karangi, Digital Educationist and Edu curriculum expert at Text Book Center (TBC), Kenya.

“I have read Mr. Mulugeta’s draft African Almanac version, I recommend you to read it. It’s an excellent initiative, and think it’s quite in order. Moges ingeniously finds ways to serve the general public especially in terms of empowering and promoting the entirety of the African continent.”  -The Hon. Dr. Ibrahim Dagash Ibrahim (retired Sudanese) -ex-Head of Press and Information Department of the defunct OAU, the predecessor of the African Union Interim Commission (AUIC).

“The e-Map of Africa produced by Mr. Moges Mulugeta Blatta Amharay is a useful tool in the teaching of African history, culture and geography, and will hopefully find users in schools and other teaching institutions that are concerned with Africa.”  -Anne Kristin Bang (PhD), Head of African and Middle East Centre, and Associate Professor of History, Archaeology, Cultural and Religious Studies at the University of Bergen (UiB), NORWAY.

“Since October 1992, Moges Mulugeta, an Ethiopian by nationality has through his own initiative contacted all OAU Member States and has been able to prepare a Geo-political country profiles of African States entitled, ALPHABETIC AFRICAN TIMELINE (The Essential & Complete e-Guide to the African countries, people and politics). Such Afro friendly country manuals, the first of it’s kind, has been fully supported by the OAU General Secretariat as it provides useful profiles of member states in alphabetical order as also accurately written in reasonable depth, and will definitely go a long way towards publicizing the Member States and our continental organization at home and abroad. The OAU General secretariat, would, therefore, appreciate any assistance that would be extended regarding the promotion of this handy publication to Ethiopian Embassies abroad, NGO’s, Colleges, the University, Libraries, and the general public through the media i.e. etv, radio, et-al.”  -The Hon. Ambassador Ahmed Hagag (retired Egyptian diplomat), Acting Secretary-General of the ex-Organization of African Unity (OAU), the predecessor of the Africa Union Interim Commission (AUIC). 

“I express my personal admiration to this young and growing Ethiopian’s, endeavour the time and patience he paid to bring his wish into reality.”  -The Hon. Wolde-Michael Chemu (deceased), ex-Federal Minister of Information and Culture (served between 1995 and  2000), Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia /FDRE/.

“Moges, you have dedicated many years of your life to bring knowledge about Africa to learners everywhere. Your work is commendable, and your dedication to this cause gives me inspiration.”  –Mr. Øyvind Høynes, CEO of Norwegian Digital Learning Arena (NDLA) /Digitale læremidler for videregående opplæring/  

“Mr. Mulugeta has worked tirelessly in order to complete these two projects. These twin projects are of significant value to all students and the general public who would like to learn more about African States as well as providing an important reference tool for academic institutions and students alike.”  -Signor Stefano Gardone, Director at Batteriet VestNorge, Bergen city, NORWAY. 



Moges Mulugeta, deguerred “a.k.a Blatta”: is the notable and recognized founder, proprietor and digital content editor at, “Alphabetic African Timeline”, an Afro Intro, mind empowerment and youth mentoring public domain who’s highly engaged with intense editing of such Afro friendly digital content hiring media production. The legend a.k.a Blatta oversees the whole editorial process of such Afro friendly and youth mentoring website at, Africacomplete.org  

“Blatta”, meaning for “Laureate” or “Social researcher” according to local Ge’ez term, was an aristocratic literal title awarded by the last Imperial regime of the Solomonic dynasty dethroned in mid September 1974.





My few words to web visitors, but heartfelt 

I grew up in a small rural town called “Gonde” in the former Arussi province at maternal grandparent side who barely made minimum wage. My clothes were second hands, and often my grandma would have to trim down our daily food from the nearby “Holy savior” Ethiopian orthodox church as she daily serves the church as “in-church servant”, meaning in local Ge’ez, “quorabit” in order to afford for me.

I completed senior high school at age of 18 in 1977, then no higher education to continue rather than to be idle by the time of the country’s severe sliding to a political turmoil that existed until the country’s relative stability comes in 1979, and had nothing to work for the time at government offices and enterprises until I started a clerical job in a position of Tally clerk at the red sea port of Assab under Eritrea within Ethiopia at the former Ethiopian Marine Transport Authority (MTA) at 26, which the Assab port outlet existed virtually only until the voluntary separation of Ethiopia and Eritrea that ended up with the Eritrean independence in de-jure of April 1993. 


I wish I could be careful in terms of money management and usage, then I could be comfortable as I am always a sharing person to the poor and disadvantaged ones, I had never been a high earner and saver of money in my working life in the past. And that’s okay, because my aspirations are for professional satisfaction and fulfillment equipped with entrepreneurial mindset more than having a bank account. 


“I have began my career at my age of early 30s as Promotion Director at Teamwork Commercial Business PLC, then to Commercial Advert shortly known as “COMAD” as transit advertising sales, marketing, promotion co-ordinator, and served to the “ALPHABETIC AFRICAN TIMELINE”, an educate/entertain Afro Intro, mind empowerment, and Afro youth mentoring e-Civics content hiring platform in various roles from tour guest guides to proofreading, digital content editor titles across online for the last quarter a century. 


During this period and years later, I have grown my personal knowledge on African studies, mass media communication skills and overall experiences across all areas of the digital content hiring platform specifically based on e-Civics education, entertainment, and knowledge subjects. The value and fulfillment that this has brought to my professional and personal skill growth, is pretty priceless. For me, it has and continues to be a journey worth trip. I am still being drawn to our amazing Afro e-Country manuals that has allowed me to grow both personally and professionally. I’ve gained great classic experience and developed my technical and communication skills over such Afro friendly edutain platform that I’ve been exposed to. As Digital content Editor, keeping up myself with content hiring industry changes is key, so really, I value the e-Learning, e-Teaching, e-Content hiring processions and other related educational, Civic entertainment opportunities afforded to me.”

Thanks for your interest. If you would like to post your products or services on our website at, Africacomplete.org please, apply for our online space provider at, africacomplete61@gmail.com You can also learn more details at our webdeveloper HahuCloud help centre at, hello@hahucloud.com or contact with any questions kindly to chat with us via http://www.africacomplete.org APP. Cellphones: +251 901 091733, 944 251282/1, and we will get back to you asap. 

Thank you!


The writer Moges Mulugeta Amharay and “Alphabetic African Timeline” can be reached at, facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter @ MogesMogesie & MogAfric