The French-administered UN trusteeship gained independence on January 1, 1960 from France Before the trusteeship it was a German colony. Modern Cameroon was created as the German protectorate of Kamerun in 1884. After the First World War, under League of Nations mandates, France was awarded administration of Eastern Cameroon, and Britain Northern and Southern Cameroons. These mandates were converted in 1946 to UN Trusteeships.