Romans identified the original tribes of Algeria as the Berbers. Former French overseas department (French Colony). In 1954 Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) founded by pan-Algerians More than a million Algerians were killed in the fight for independence from France in 1962. Heavily influenced by the cultural impact of Arab civilization. In 9th August, 1961 Mr. Benyoucef Benkhedda an Algerian politician elected the third GPRA exile government of the FLN acting as a leader during the Algerian war of independence from until 3rd July 1962 the end of the war and the independence agreement that ended the Algerian eight years of terrible conflict, he was briefly the de-jure leader of Algeria until he was sidelined by more conservative FLN figures.